|Breed Group:||Toy Group||Life Expectancy:||12-16 years|
|Size:||Small||Popularity (AKC 2012):||#19|
The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality. This compact little dog is an active toy breed with an alert character and fox-like expression. The Pomeranian is a popular companion dog and competitive show dog. They can come in all colors, patterns, and variations although orange and red are the most popular.
Pomeranians are very intelligent dogs that love to please. Because of their outgoing temperaments, with training they can be very good family dogs. Due to their small size they don’t require much exercise, but are an energetic breed that needs attention from their people frequently. They have a thick double coat, which needs to be brushed on a regular basis.
The Pomeranian is a member of the spitz type dog, which is one of the oldest dog breeds. Spitz type dogs have been depicted in artwork as early as the pre-Christian era. Dogs resembling Pomeranians were favourites of the great ladies of the Roman Empire.
The Germans were the first to produce a smaller spitz type breed in a the region of Poland and East Germany known as Pomerania. They recognized the appeal of miniature versions of the breed and these dogs quickly became very popular among women.
The Pomeranian was officially recognized by the Canadian and American Kennel Clubs in 1900. The Canadian Standard closely resembles the English standard, while the American one has undergone a few more changes.
The Canadian Kennel Club Breed Standard describes the Pomeranian as “a compact, short-coupled dog.. exhibit[ing] great intelligence.”
The head of the Pomeranian is “somewhat foxy in outline” with small erect ears, small almond shaped eyes, and a rather short neck “covered with a profuse mane and frill of long, straight hair”. The tail is characteristic of the breed, and should be turned over the back and carried flat, set high. It is profusely covered with long, spreading hair.” The CKC breed standard calls for a thick double coat — a long outer coat which is held off the body by a soft fluffy undercoat — which protects the dog against hot, cold and wet weather.
Pomeranians come in a full range of 13 colors including black, brown, chocolate, red, orange, cream and sable. They also come in black and tan and parti-colours, a red and white and a black and white. The most popular color for Pomeranians is orange in various shades, ranging from light to dark. The orange sometimes comes with sabling (i.e. black tips) on the ends of the coat on the back, as well as on the chin and muzzle.