|Breed Group:||Toy Group||Life Expectancy:||12-15 years|
|Size:||Small||Popularity (AKC 2012):||#30|
The breed standard describes the Pug as “multum in parvo” which means “a lot of dog in a small space.” They have even-tempers, playful personalities, and outgoing, loving dispositions.
Pugs were bred to be companion dogs and, as such, crave human attention. A Pug should not be left alone for long periods of time. They need to have a companion even if it is another Pug.
Their desire to please makes them a great family pet and they are good children. This is because the majority of the breed are very fond of children and, as a breed, they are sturdy enough to properly play with them. While some Pugs can be quiet and docile, others can be outgoing and playful. Pugs can be strong willed but are rarely aggressive. As a breed, they exhibit great charm, dignity, and affection.
As with other brachycephalic breeds (dogs with wrinkly, squashed in faces), breathing is a little tougher for Pugs than for other dogs. Due to their compact breathing passageways, snoring and snorting is common. They are not as able to efficiently regulate their temperatures by panting. Overheating can be a very real danger to a Pug and can lead to organ failure so Pug homes should have air conditioning and owners must be prepared to keep their pug cool.
The Pug is one of the oldest breeds of dogs and has been in existence since before 400 BC. Most researchers agree that the breed comes from Asia, due to its similarities to the Pekingese. China is the earliest known source for Pugs, where they were pets of the Buddhist monasteries in Tibet. From China, Pugs emerged in Europe and then England where throughout history they have been fawned over by the world’s Royalty. Over the centuries the Pug has remained true to its original purpose and is basically unchanged in general appearance, temperament and markings.
This square and compact breed comes in fawn, silver fawn, apricot fawn or black, with a well-defined “mask” on his muzzle. They have curly tails, round heads and highly expressive faces.
Pugs have short coats and require minimal grooming. They do require, however, regular cleaning of the deep fold under the bridge of their nose with a warm, damp facecloth. They also need regular checking and cleaning of their ears.